Oral Care - An Overview

The key to keeping a bright, healthy smile throughout adulthood is to practice proper oral hygiene. Adults can get cavities, as well as gum disease that can lead to serious problems.

What Causes Bad Breath

Bad breath has several different causes:

  1. It can be caused by external factors such as food, alcohol, cigarettes, etc.
  2. It is commonly caused by bacterial degradation of proteins and peptides in the oral cavity.
  3. It can be caused by certain medical conditions realted to certain disease.

The most common cause of bad breath is the formation of certain unpleasant volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) that are formed by action of bacteria found on the teeth, guns and tongue. Infect, the main causative factor is often found to be the bacteria present at the back of the tongue. Sometimes, it is even common to find bad breath in children, caused because of poor tongue cleaning.

Diet also plays an important role. Garlic and onions can add o the problem . Antoerh common reason for bad breath The next table shows at a glance, what can increase and decrease unpleasant mouth odors.

How is Good Oral Hygiene Practiced?

Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly.

Good oral health is important to your overall well-being.Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress.
In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include:

  1. Brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily
  2. Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals
  3. Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste
  4. Rinsing with a fluoride mouthrinse if your dentist tells you to
  5. Making sure that your children under 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area.

Oral Care - Problems & Treatments

Here are a few of the conditions to be aware of, and to discuss with your dentist during your annual checkups:

Periodontal Disease

After age 35, patients lose more teeth to periodontal disease than to tooth decay. If your home care routine of brushing and flossing has slipped and you have skipped your regular dental cleanings, bacterial plaque and tartar can build up on your teeth. The plaque and tartar, if left untreated, may eventually cause irreparable damage to your jawbone and support structures. Teeth will start to loosen, and if this is allowed to progress, you could require periodontal surgery, or may even suffer tooth loss.

Dental Fillings Break Down

Dental fillings have a life expectancy of eight to 10 years. However, they can last 20 years or longer. When the fillings in your mouth start to break down, food and bacteria can get underneath them. When this happens, decay can go deep into your tooth, affect the nerve and possibly necessitate root canal treatment. If the tooth structure breaks down along with the filling, your only option may be to have a full crown and root canal treatment to restore your tooth.

Oral Cancer

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, men over the age of 40 have the greatest risk for oral cancer. About approximately 43,000 people will be diagnosed with cancer of the mouth, tongue or throat area, and the ACS estimates that about 7,000 people will die from these cancers. The use of tobacco products and alcohol increases the risk of oral cancer. Most oral cancers are first diagnosed by the dentist during a routine checkup

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Bite irregularities and oral habits, such as grinding teeth, can lead to painful temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Many things can cause your bite to shift slightly, but having teeth extracted can cause the teeth in your mouth to shift position significantly and alter bite. After time, the joints that are responsible for the movement of your jaw can be affected and cause pain and locking of your jaw. This is one reason for the importance of dental implants.